Sokoto Adapts International Models For Zakat

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By Abdallah el-Kurebe ‎

Sokoto government has initiated plans to adapt international models that are used by leading Islamic countries in the distribution of Zakat for the state.

Governor Aminu Tambuwal of Sokoto state disclosed this on Sunday, in Shinaka District of Goronyo local government of the state at the occasion of the distribution of zakat and endowment to the needy and less-privileged members of the society.

According to him, “Models that have proven to be effective in countries such as Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar and Kuwait, will provide avenue for a coordinated assault against poverty, inequality and other related vices in the state.”‎

In order to boost the effectivity of the international models, the governor further said, “the state Zakat and Endowment Committee will be enhanced while staff will be retrained to ensure maximum productivity.”‎

Earlier in his remarks, Chairman of the State Zakat and Endowment Committee, Malam Lawal Maidoki said that apart from its core mandate of collection and distribution of zakat, “the committee pays for the training of orphans and other less-endowed citizens in areas like animal husbandry, shoe making, among others.”‎

Items benefited by the needy and less-privileged member of the communities at the event included money, grains, male and female attires and animals like goats, sheep and camels.‎

Burkinabe Farmer Clears Air On Cultivation Of Genetically Modified Crops In Burkina Faso

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By Abdallah el-Kurebe

An award-winning farmer in Burkina Faso, Dr. Traore François in a debate titled, ‘Controversy’, aired on National Radio and Television of Burkina Faso, joined in explaining the benefits of biotechnology for farmers in Burkina Faso.

In the debate, which centered on the advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified (GM) crops, François said that he had been cultivating GM cotton since 2007, ten years before which he had been cotton seed producer.

“More than ten years before I started cultivating GM cotton, I had been selected as cotton seed producer and as I started GMOs, I continued to be a producer of GM cotton seeds; seed multiplication is carried out by several farmers in Burkina,” he disclosed.

Explaining the intellectual property (IP) rights, François said that farmers in Burkina Faso used their own cotton seed varieties before the government signed an agreement with Monsanto to jointly have IP rights at 72% royalties for Burkina Faso and 28% for Monsanto.

“Since we started working with Monsanto on this technology, we use our own cotton variety seeds “made in Burkina Faso” seeds. In July 2008, Monsanto and Burkina Faso signed an agreement which stipulated that Burkina Faso co-owned with Monsanto genetically modified cotton seeds. Royalties were shared 72% for Burkina Faso and 28% for Monsanto,” he explained.

Stating why Burkina Faso became the first West African country to produce GMOs, François said the history of cotton production in the country was that of hard experiences, especially in the 1990 “when in West Africa, caterpillar Helicoverpa armigera developed resistance to pyrethroids (pesticide) in the treatment of cotton.” 

He added that Burkinabe farmers were compelled to use endosulfan pesticide which, though was banned in Europe, saved cotton in Burkina Faso; even as farmers also realised some side effects of use of high doses of pesticides.

“Cotton producers in Burkina Faso realized that the use of high doses of pesticides could make pests more and more resistant and could kill useful insects and soil microorganisms as well. 

Environment experts told them that the use pesticides also contributed to water pollution and this had consequences on aquatic flora and fauna,” François said. 

He said that the adoption of agricultural technology, Burkina Faso was now the largest producer of cotton in West Africa before which the country was at crossroads if no solution on economic losses was found. “And this situation brought us to support political leaders to choose agricultural biotechnology to reassure the more than three million people who directly lived on cotton.”

According to François, what brought a wider acceptability of the technology was the existence of cotton producers’ association at national to rural levels since 1996. “‎This facilitated collaboration between the Cotton Company and producers for the adoption of the technology and between 2007 and 2014, cotton producers found out that agricultural biotechnology solved the problem of lepidopteran attacks and brought increase in cotton yields.”

Citing a study by Gaspard VOGNAN, an agro-economist with Institut de I’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), he explained that “the productivity increase for Bt cotton varies between 4% and 48% per hectare compared to conventional cotton, with an average yield of about 1.2 ton per hectare,” adding that growing Bacillus Thuringiensis (BT) cotton was less expensive because it needed only two sprays of pesticide against six for conventional cotton. 

Francois, who also grows animals said that they produce good milk from feeding on GM cotton seeds without side effects. “For many years now, my animals are fed genetically modified cotton seeds, and they produce good milk that my family drinks and to date we have no problem.” 

Already in Africa, Sudan and Burkina Faso are commercializing GMOs with Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda and Ethiopia, carrying out confined field trials of GM crops. 

François said that Burkinabes visit the US; which cultivates 73.1 million hectares of GMOs; Brazil 42.2 million; India 11.6 million; Canada 11.6 million; China 3.9 million hectares and most of which food are produced from GMOs. “We have never heard that GMOs killed someone in those countries, and none of our children who go there died from eating GMOs. I know that the bread we eat in Burkina is not organic, neither is the beer we drink,” he said.

Rethinking Nigeria’s Energy Strategy Towards Off-grid

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By Abdallah el-Kurebe

> “Energy is the Golden Thread that connects economic growth, social equity and environmental health.” – Ban Ki Moon, UN Secretary General

> “…Energy is a prerequisite for sustainable rural development.” – UNESCO

> “Energy touches everything…Our mantra going forward is very simple: converting commitments to kilowatt hours for real people.” – Kandeh Yumkella

> “If the only future we can see for villages is to turn them into towns, it would be no future worth aspiring for, considering the shape our towns are already in.” – Prof. Krishna Kumar

> “No single cause can be identified to explain Nigeria’s poor economic performance over the years than the power situation. It is a national shame that an economy of 180 million generates only 4,000MW, and distributes even less. Continuous tinkering with the structures of power supply and distribution and close on $20b expanded since 1999 have only brought darkness, frustration, misery, and resignation among Nigerians. We will not allow this to go on. Careful studies are under way during this transition to identify the quickest, safest and most cost-effective way to bring light and relief to Nigerians.” – Nigeria’s President Buhari.

Nigeria’s over-dependence on hydro power for her energy sources has had negative impact recently. Her energy crisis deteriorated a few days to the country’s general elections, when the agency responsible for regulating the operations in electricity sector, the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC), disclosed that of the nation’s 23 power hydro power plants, only five were currently functional.

The development resulted in not only power crisis but also affected the country’s economic activities. Fuel supply nearly became zero. Even fuel-dependent generators, upon which Nigeria has been running her economy in the past 16 years, could not function. Banks in the country cut their normal hours of operation from eight hours to five, closing each day at 1pm. 
This almost grounded the economy. 

It got to that point when the Permanent Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Power, Godknows Igali along with the outgone Power minister, Chinedu Nebo, told former Vice-President, Namadi Sambo of the alarming epileptic electricity supply across the country. Of the 4,800 megawatts (MW) of electricity supply been enjoyed by the country, according to Igali, only 1,327MW was being generated. This is too low for a supposed Africa’s largest economy.

He enumerated that most key power plants in the country had epileptic performance and therefore, shut down.  Those affected included the ones located in at Utorogu, Chevron Oredo, Oben gas-fired power plants, as well as Ughelli and Chevron Escravos power plant. Also included were the National Integrated Power Plants (NIPPs), including Nigeria’s largest power plant at Egbin, Olorunshogo 1 & 11, Omotosho 1 & 11, Geregu I & 11, Ihonvor and Sapele on the western axis and Alaoji on the eastern end.

Attributable reason for the inability of these hydro power plants to generate electricity is “shortage of gas supply to the thermal plants, with one of the hydro stations faced with water management issue. This has led to loss of over 2,000 megawatts in the national grid,” Sam Amadi, Executive Chairman of the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) had said. 

Of worry was the Abuja Electricity Distribution Company (AEDC), to which the Shiroro power plant reduced the level of electricity supply to Abuja zone to just 15 MW from less than 200MW daily. Abuja is Nigeria’s Federal Capital. This development is ridiculously mean considering Nigeria’s position as an economy upon which other African countries depend. 

Rethink Renewable Energy 

This development calls for Nigeria’s rethink on energy to be directed at renewable energy sources, which include “sunlight, wind, water, biomass, tides and geothermal heat,” says Yusuf Ganda, a solar engineer with Sokoto Energy Research Centre. 

“A total of 1.5 billion individuals (a quarter of world’s population) are without electric power, mostly concentrated in Africa and South Asia,” according to Legros (2009).

In his recent presentation at the World Conference of Science Journalists (WCSJ) in Seoul, South Korea, the Project Leader of Smart Villages Initiatives (a not for profit organisation), Dr. Bernie Jones said, “Energy means food security, democratic engagement, health and social welfare, education and local business that brings about integrated development.” This he stated because the access to energy brings about them with ease.

According to him, while solar home systems are now being used “for micro-enterprises – mobile phone charging, hairdressing, guest houses, village cinema and entertainment in Tanzania (East Africa),” micro hydro is being used in Sarawak (Malaysia) to provide 24hr round the week of electricity “to supplement power of district health centre.”

This is the same in India where solar water pumps are used to irrigate without grid-determined hedging.

Smart Villages Initiatives is evaluating how to deliver energy access to rural communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

In order to meet the growing energy demand, especially in rural areas, exploration of alternative energy sources becomes imperative. Also, in order to check rural-urban drift, renewable energy is important in improving energy access, especially for rural dwellers. 

That renewable energy is making impact in rural areas in developing countries in areas for households, lightening and entertainment. This is enough for African nation’s, especially Nigeria to follow suit. “The ‘productive uses’ of renewable energy can increase incomes and provide development benefits to rural areas,” said Ganda.

The German Development Bank-KFW’s recent allocation of N34,600,000,000 to advance renewable energy efficiency projects and technical assistance for the Nigerian power sector, is a welcome development. It will go a long way in addressing the need for Nigeria to think of alternative energy sources that would provide more reliable power sources, for even the rural populace.

Nigeria’s renewable energy sources are abundant but untapped. Held as responsible for the development, which must be looked into by Nigerian government, include “policy and regulation, financing and investment, public awareness, quality and standards, poor resource database, etc.” These have stood as impediment for access of renewable energy in Nigeria.

Is Tambuwal Really Moving At Snail Speed?

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By Abdallah el-Kurebe 

This piece is premised on two discussions I had with two politicians and a group of colleagues at separate times. The discussions centred on perceived ‘slow-pace’ with which the new governor of Sokoto state, Aminu Tambuwal is presumed to be working.

“Three weeks after his inauguration as the new leader, he has not appointed members of his cabinet; not even someone to the office of Secretary to the State Government (SSG), an office that is deemed as the ‘engine room’ of any administration,” Dan Illela told me.

The general take by the public is that the people of Sokoto state are now detached from Wamakko administration – because it is gone. It is also that the same people have not felt the impulse of the present administration – and we don’t know why.

If it is true that Tambuwal is snail-speeding, why is he? If he has not made appointments of members of his cabinet, why has he not? If EVEN the SSG (the presumed engine room of any administration), he has not appointed, why has he not? Why have the people of Sokoto not started feeling the impulse of the present administration? Why?

With all sense of reasonability, there are answers to these questions and they are not far-fetched, at least in my view. The answers are in the hand-over notes to Tambuwal the contents of which you and I do not know. My belief is that he is taking his time to study those notes with a view to knowing from where to start. Is that bad?

Far as I am concerned, power only transmitted from the All Progressive Congress (APC) to APC. It is my belief that we all understudied the transition between the out-gone and the new APC government. Because it was a transition, not so much was seen or heard. Speeches were short, conveying messages of continuity; that followed by the ceremonial handing and receiving notes. And, not known were the contents of the notes. So, how do you know the issues?

Hand-over notes aside, a Transition Committee would have eased up Tambuwal’s job in understanding, at a glance, what he needed to know about the out-gone government. That would have collated problems and prospects and developed an executive summary for him to act upon. There was no such committee.

Tambuwal is just doing that himself, now – inviting officials of one ministry after the other to acquaint himself with all that pertains them. Methinks, the peculiarity of the problems found in the ministries would give him an insight into who to appoint to which ministry or Parastatals. Would he afford ‘lion-speeding’ here?

The body language tilt to the other side of buoyancy, as far my ‘Extra Sensory Perception (ESP) allows, it does not suggest that the governor should not do his best to start connecting Sokoto people to his government.

“But the zeal with which Tambuwal assumed office to work for the people contradicts the ‘noticeable slow of pace’ with which he is threading,” so one of the politicians views it.

Again I think Tambuwal is known to be viral, even then as a federal legislator and most importantly as Speaker of the House of Representatives. We also know him to be meticulous. When he became Speaker in June, he took his time to study the entire House and how it works before he appointed his Aides in December of that year. Six clear months, right? And, when he did, he ensured that square pegs were put in square holes.

The two politicians’ perception, rightly or wrongly, is that Tambuwal’s delay in appointing cabinet members is a product of political intrigues. “The delay is an indication of the fact that they want to force some members of the cabinet on him. They want to force the former SSG on him. Is that right?” one of the politicians asked.

This speculation is rather absurd except if it is true, that such is what is happening. If I were to work on a rather clean slate of reasoning, I would say that Wamakko or any other person for that matter, cannot be a clog on the wheel of a vehicle driven by a driver ‘appointed’ by him.

Although he was central in Tambuwal’s successful election, Wamakko would give the new governor a sizeable amount of freedom to appoint whomever he wishes to whatever position he wishes – especially the position of SSG.

I was probably right when one of Tambuwal’s close associate told me confidently that “the governor is taking his time to look for competent hands that would effectively supervise the ministries and parastatals. This is without interference by anybody.”

As can be seen, the governor has since settled down for business. The other day, he blocked an errant motorist from violating traffic regulations at a roundabout; one other time, he visited the state-owned Specialist Hospital where he noticed blackout, with patients laid outside due to heat; yet the other, he received Bishop Hassan Kukah and pledged to work with the Diocese in the area of healthcare, education and religious harmony.
This is apart from numerous things he has embarked on to deliver good services to the people of Sokoto state. 

Whatever it is, people should be more patient. They should allow Tambuwal to strategies on how to take Sokoto to the higher heights.

Prioritise The Plight of The Needy, Gov. Tambuwal Tells Nigerians

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By Abdallah el-Kurebe‎

Governor Aminu Waziri Tambuwal of Sokoto state has called on Nigerians to use the opportunity of the Holy month of Ramadan to prioritise the plight of the needy by using their wealth to ease the pains suffered by the people.

A commemorative message, directed especially at adherents of the Islamic faith on Ramadan fast, issued by his spokesman, Malam Imam Imam, Tambuwal further observed that ‎by taking care of the poor, the vulnerable and the less-privileged, the society is doing itself lots of favours.

Urging Muslims to intensify prayers for peace, unity and stability of the country, Governor stressed that the holy month provides opportunity for increased worship, strengthening of family ties and doing away with bad habits.

“We should use this period to love one another and make sacrifices for the overall growth and development of our nation,” Tambuwal added.

He equally called for the cooperation of all stakeholders in Sokoto State as his administration works to develop critical sectors for the benefit of the people.

New Study Finds that Orange Sweet Potato Reduces Diarrhea in Children

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Washington D.C., June 15, 2015 – A new study has found that orange sweet potato (OSP) reduced both the prevalence and duration of diarrhea in young children in Mozambique.

The OSP was conventionally bred to provide more vitamin A in the diet. In Africa, more than 40 percent of children aged under five are estimated to be at risk of vitamin A deficiency. This increases the risk of diseases such as diarrhea, which is one of the leading causes of mortality in children, taking more than 350,000 lives of children under five in Africa every year.

Other studies have shown that vitamin A supplementation reduces diarrhea incidence in children, particularly those who are undernourished or suffering from severe infections. This newly published research is the first to show that an agricultural food-based approach can improve health in young children.

The study found a 42 percent reduction in the likelihood that children under the age of five who ate OSP within the past week would experience diarrhea. For children under three years of age who ate OSP, the likelihood of having diarrhea was reduced by more than half (52 percent). The OSP had an impact not only on reducing the incidence, but also the duration of diarrhea. For children who had diarrhea, eating OSP reduced the duration of the illness by more than 10 percent in children under five, and more than 25 percent in children aged under three. The children had all eaten OSP within the past week.

“The beta-carotene in OSP is converted into vitamin A the same day the OSP is eaten,” says Dr. Erick Boy, the Head of Nutrition at HarvestPlus, a global program to improve nutrition that funded the field research. “This vitamin A is used by the cells lining the gut to help form a barrier to invading germs. These cells are regenerated every few days, so cells that have been weakened due to lack of vitamin A are quickly replaced by healthy cells when there is enough vitamin A. It should be noted that access to clean water and sanitation, targeted immunization, and breastfeeding are also important in helping to prevent diarrhea.”

The study also found that there was greater impact in reducing diarrhea in children with educated mothers, who are likely better able to understand the health benefits of OSP, and also to change children’s diets.

“Both vitamin A supplements and vitamin A-rich foods like orange sweet potato can provide sufficient vitamin A. From a public health perspective, they are complementary—neither alone is able to reach every child who needs vitamin A,” says Alan de Brauw, a Senior Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute. “But vitamin A supplements can be expensive, as much as $2.71 per dose. Alleviating this deficiency worldwide through supplements alone would cost almost $3 billion per year. Using OSP to provide vitamin A is a fraction of that cost. Given the popularity of OSP—children especially love its taste—we think it’s a sustainable solution to improving nutrition and child health in many countries, complemented, of course, by supplementation where it is cost-effective.”

HarvestPlus’ principal donors are the UK Government; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; the U.S. Government’s Feed the Future initiative; the European Commission; and donors to the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, of which HarvestPlus is a part.

ADDRESS BY HIS EXCELLENCY, THE EXECUTIVE GOVERNOR OF SOKOTO STATE, RT. HON AMINU WAZIRI TAMBUWAL, CFR (MUTAWALLEN SOKOTO) AT THE OPENING OF THE 3-DAY POST-INAUGURAL WORKSHOP FOR HONOURABLE MEMBERS OF THE SOKOTO STATE HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY HELD  ON FRIDAY 12TH JUNE, 2015 AT GIGINYA HOTEL, SOKOTO

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PROTOCOLS

It is my honour and privilege to be here with you today on the occasion marking the opening of the 3-Day Post-Inaugural Workshop for the 8th Legislature of the Sokoto State House of Assembly. The workshop organized by the Sokoto State Government in collaboration with the United State Agency for International Development (USAID/RTI-LEAD) has come at no better time, considering the need to ensure a vibrant legislative arm of government as a means of strengthening our great nurtured democratic ideals.

2.  Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, democracy strives only with a live legislature being the single most important organ of government that serves to differentiate between the people’s government and dictatorship. The beauty of democracy has always been that, at all times people’s voice counts in matters that affect their live. These voices are heard through quality representation which can only be possible with requisite knowledge on the techniques and approaches in legislative processes. I am confident that, the workshop will provide an opportunity for our Honourable Members to interact with each other and exchange ideas between and among themselves on rudimentary legislative acts and frameworks for better performances. They will explore different aspects of legislative practices with sole aim of building a strong virile, self-reliant and prosperous democratic ideals in our State and the Nation in general.‎

3.  I would like to extend my sincere appreciation to the Management of USAID/RTI-LEAD for partnering with the Sokoto State Government in organizing this all-important workshop. The Agency has been very helpful to the State in formulating frameworks on Capacity building and human resource development. The Agency’s efforts in the formulation of transparency-related and other policy issues led to the domestication of key policy frameworks in the State such as the Fiscal responsibility, budget process, statistics, Due Process, Internally Generated Revenue etc. The budgeting process has been re-modeled to international standard for efficiency and effective service delivery. So also the Due Process Office which was able to curtail unnecessary entries in contract formalizations and saved a lot of money for the government. These key policy frameworks today serve as our guiding principles in the execution of many developmental programmes in Sokoto State. I must once again thank you for the efforts and urge you to collaborate with us in other sectors such as Education, health, general manpower development etc so that together we can build a prosperous State. I wish to assure you that the present administration will continue to co-operate with you in all areas important for the well being of our people.‎

4.  At this juncture, I wish to state that government is about collective responsibility which is not only limited to basic knowledge, but also the zeal, dedication and commitment to doing things right and in line with provisions of our relevant Laws. I urge the Honourable Members to muster courage and commit themselves to selfless service to our people. I am committed to working harmoniously with you in all matters related to public responsibility and obligations as entrusted to us by our people. We owe that to our people and we must not fail in the interest of public good.

5.  Finally, I would like to thank the organizers of this workshop, particularly the Representative of the USAID/RTI-LEAD for the foresight. I urge the Honourable Members to pay special attention to the innovative ideas during deliberations so that what you have learned will be put to use for the overall development of our people and the Nation in general. On this note, it is my pleasure to declare this 3-Day Post-Inaugural Workshop open.‎

6. I wish you Allah’s blessing. Thank you and wassalamu Alaikum.‎

CSE Press Release

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PRESS RELEASE
 
Bonn conference ends without making headway; CSE concerned about tardy progress
 
There was little negotiation at the conference – only text was edited
Will Paris Agreement achieve its outcome in December, wonders CSE
Only 12 countries have submitted their intended national contributions until now

CSE says proposed emission cuts post-2020 by US and EU not ambitious enough

Developed countries not committing to reduce emission between now and 2020

CSE endorses Indian stand on emission cuts by developed countries pre-2020
 
Bonn, June 12: With 10 days of negotiations spent in streamlining the text for the agreement to be signed in Paris and December, there are serious concerns about the slow progress of climate change negotiations among parties and civil societies alike. “The parties spent the entire Bonn climate conference editing the text they compiled in Geneva and did not even start negotiating. At this pace, the Paris agreement would be not be able to deliver the ambitious deal the world expects from it,” says Chandra Bhushan, deputy director general, Centre for Science and Environment.
Paris Agreement is the hope and focus of the entire world as a ‘last chance’ where governments will be expected to decide the fate of the world and climate. A new global deal on climate change will be made to decide climate actions beyond 2020. This has to be agreed upon in December at COP21 (Conference of Parties) in Paris. CSE is holding a webinar with journalists to discuss climate change negotiations on Thursday, June 18 (details are at the end of the press release).
 
The few and inadequate INDCs
 
All countries have agreed to submit their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) or voluntary pledges of emission reductions by October this year. These combined pledges would help us assess what the countries plan to do for their emission reduction. Only 12 parties have submitted their INDCs so far – Switzerland, European Union and its Member States, Norway, Mexico, United States of America, Gabon, Russia, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Canada, Morocco and Ethiopia. Morocco and Ethiopia have submitted theirs during the Bonn conference.
 
US target not ambitious
 
US’ INDC committed cutting down the country’s emissions by 26-28 per cent by 2025 against the 2005 level. But it did not provide details of how they plan to achieve this target. It essentially means that in 2025, US will be emitting 5 billion tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) with per capita emission of 14 tonne CO2e. Sunita Narain, CSE Director General, criticized the announcement, saying: “The US INDC is even less ambitious than what was pledged in Copenhagen when the US had said they would be on the pathway to a 30 per cent reduction in 2025 and a 42 per cent reduction in 2030. This pledge falls short of even that weak target. And this is when the world is witnessing extreme weather events and unprecedented calamities attributable to climate change.”
 
Will INDCs be enough?
 
But the question remains – Will all the INDCs or combined voluntary pledges be able to restrict the rise in global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius?
The European Union INDC targets 40 per cent emission reduction by 2030 against the 1990 levels. According to the assessment by CSE, the current 40 per cent target of the EU falls far short of what it should be doing, considering its past and present responsibility in causing climate change and the high capability it has in fighting climate change. “EU should pledge more than 50 per cent cuts in Paris. That would be fair and ambitious,” adds Bhushan.
 
The Pre-2020 fight
 
In a major blow to expectations of cutting more emissions starting now until 2020, the EU categorically stated that it will not revisit any targets for the pre-2020 period. The US has also ignored talks about pre-2020 and has said that countries should focus on post-2020 actions instead.
Before 2020, only developed countries are required to take actions to reduce emissions. Developing countries are quite unhappy with the recalcitrant attitude of the developed countries. Susheel Kumar, additional secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), and leader of the Indian delegation, emphatically stated that, “We need accelerated implementation process for (the) pre-2020 period and also for enhancing pre-2020 ambitions. How can countries accept the agreement on post-2020 actions when there is no clarity on pre-2020 action?”
 
Raising USD 100 billion
 
It also remains undecided how the developed countries will come up with the USD 100 billion annually for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The countries haven’t decided upon the legal nature of the Paris agreement. These 10 days in Bonn are being seen as an important step to gain trust and confidence for the parties. However, the conference lacked substance. With effectively only 10 more days of negotiations left to decide, the future of a legally binding ambitious agreement looks grim.

“We don’t want a repeat of Copenhagen where because countries could not manage the negotiation process properly we ended up with an unambitious deal thrust on the world by a few big polluters. Such a scenario would be disastrous for the world and the world’s poor who are already bearing the brunt of climate change,” says Bhushan.

Why We Didn’t Interfere In The Election of Assembly Election, Says Gov. Tambuwal

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By Abdallah el-Kurebe 

‎Because it wants a harmonious working relationship with the legislative arm of government in the state, Governor Aminu Waziri Tambuwal has said, was the reason that his administration could not interfere in the selection of the principal officers of the state House of Assembly.

He spoke on Thursday when he received members of the House, led by the newly-elected Speaker, Hon. Salihu Maidaji, stressing that “the state government would encourage and support the new leadership to achieve its set objectives.”

While commending the members for the orderly manner they sat 
on the first day of sitting, Tambuwal admonished the new leaders to work for the unity, stability and progress of the state at all times.

“I will use my experience as a former lawmaker to ensure a smooth working relationship between the executive and other arms of government in the state,” he assured.

Hon. Maidaji earlier commended Tambuwal for his role in promoting good legislative ethics and assured that “the state Assembly will work hand in hand with the state government to provide quality and responsible leadership to the people of Sokoto State.”

He appealed to the Governor to always offer advise to the new members when the need arose.

Press Release

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PRESS BRIEFING BY CP SALISU FAGGE ABDULLAHI, THE COMMISSIONER OF POLICE SOKOTO STATE COMMAND

Members of the press, I welcome you all to Sokoto State Police Command today Monday 8th June, 2015. As part of discharging statutory responsibilities of protecting life and properties, I am happy to give you this brief on the successes recorded by the Sokoto State Command in the past three months.

ARMED ROBBERY
If you recall that on 28th June , 2014, the Sokoto state police command, in a press conference, reported that, one notorious arm robber by name Abdullahi Mamman was arrested and paraded to you for carrying out a dastardly act on a village called Malagam in Tangaza local Government area of the state. He committed the arm robbery together with members of his armed syndicate. One Ladan Mohammed, a villager was killed in the attack.

A man-hunt for the remaining armed syndicate started last year and it paid up on the 4th of June, 2015 when the syndicate struck again at Gidan-Daji village, Acida district of Wurno local Government. During the attack, policemen and members of the public swooped on the armed robbers. One of them was killed in a gun duel while the leader of the gang by name Yanta Garba was arrested. He is assisting the police to effect the arrest of other fleeing members. As a result, two other members of his gang namely Bami Shehu and Shehu Abdullahi (alias Dan-Illela) who is the armourer of the gang, were arrested.

EXHIBITS RECOVERED
1. A rifle with 22mm calibre of ammunition.
2. Three (3) rounds of live ammunition
3. Cutlass and stick
4. Two (2) of cutlass sheath

Investigation further revealed that the same syndicate was responsible for various armed robbery that took place in Rabah, Gwadabawa and Kware local governments in the state.

CAR THEFT
On the 4th of may, 2015 at about 1600hrs, a gang of thieves who specialize in removing vehicles from park was smashed. The members of the gang are Uche Okpara and Ndubuisi Okafor who hailed from Delta state of Nigeria and reside at Diplomat area of Sokoto. The duo removed a Toyota Camry with registration number JR394KJA from where it was parked by its owner. They took the vehicle to Asaba in Delta state where they were arrested through intelligence gathering.
On interrogation they claimed that the master keys they used in all their operations were provided by one Nasiru Mijinyawa, presently a member of Sokoto State Marshal Agency. All the suspects are in custody and will soon be arraigned in court.

ARMED ROBBERY
On Friday 5th of June 2015, a distress call was received that a group of miscreants were unleashing terror on some innocent people along Rijiya area of the Sokoto metropolis. It was alleged that the robbers attacked a notable dealer of exotic handsets and its accessories. In the attack, two persons were fatally injured and dispossessed of their hand sets. One of the suspects was arrested through information. The suspect gave his name as Jamilu Ahmed (alias Ciwo). He assisted the police in the arrest of four other members of the armed robbery group namely Kasimu Abubakar (alias Timaya), Muddasiru Umar (alias Black), Ibrahim abdullahi and Tsalha Ibrahim (alias Dansharri). Other four members of the gang are still at large. This group confessed to various violent crimes as some of them have been going and coming out of prison for various violent crimes.

EXHIBITS RECOVERED.
1. Gionee p3 handset
2. Two sim cards
3. One long spike headed sword popularly called gario.